Iron is extracted from iron ore in a huge container called a blast furnace. Iron ores such as haematite contain iron (III) oxide, Fe2O3. The oxygen must be removed from the iron (III) oxide in...
Therefore, to get hold of iron, we need to first mine iron ores, chemically convert haematite into iron, and remove any impurity. The entire process is energy intensive and spews out loads of carbon dioxide. Haematite is a mineral made of iron (III) oxide, Fe 2 O 3. It is mined for the extraction of iron.
The extraction of iron begins with concentration through calcination which is a process in a supply of oxygen applied to ores to bring thermal decomposition. An ore of a metal is an impure source. It consists of many impurities other than metal such as sand, clay, etc.
Extraction of iron or its metallurgy is the process of obtaining this metal in a form where it can be put to practical use, and this process of extraction consists of three stages: Ore dressing, Reduction of ores and Iron production. Extraction of Iron from its ores
EXTRACTION OF IRON INTRODUCTION Iron is extracted from its ore called HAEMATITE (Fe2O3). oxide PRINCIPLE OF EXTRACTION Extraction of iron is based on the reduction of HAEMATITE (Fe2O3) with carbon..
The extraction of iron from its ores is quite a technical process. The iron ore is first roasted in air to produce iron (III) oxide which is mixed with coke and limestone and then further heated to a very high temperature in a blast furnace.
The process of the extraction of iron is carried out by the following steps: Concentration of ore Calcination or Roasting of ore Reduction of ore : Concentration of ore: In this metallurgical operation, the ore is concentrated by removing impurities like soil etc. The process involves the crushing and washing of ore.
In this zone Fe 2 O 3 is reduced to iron by co in three steps. 3Fe 2 O 3 + CO 2Fe 3 O 4 + CO 2 Fe 3 O 4 + CO 3FeO + CO 2 FeO + CO Fe + CO 2 (Solid state) From the bottom of blast furnace, molten slag and molten iron are tapped out.
It is in the blast furnace that extraction of iron occurs. The extraction of iron from its ore is a long and subdued process, that helps in separating the useful components from the waste materials such as slag. What happens in the Blast Furnace? The purpose of a Blast Furnace is to reduce the concentrated ore chemically to its liquid metal state.
Iron is extracted from iron ore in a huge container called a blast furnace. Iron ores such as haematite contain iron oxide. The oxygen must be removed from the iron oxide to leave the iron behind. Reactions in which oxygen is removed are called reduction reactions.